What Causes Hypertension: How to Treat It

What Causes Hypertension: How to Treat It

This article will discuss what causes hypertension and how to treat it or look for a cure, especially for those who are already suffering from it because those who have this condition often believe that there is no prevention. I am assuring you that after reading this article and implementing what has been said, there is going to be a solution.

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension, commonly referred to as “high blood pressure,” is a disease that occurs when there is an increased force of blood against the walls of arteries. Numerous things, such as artery blockages, an elevated heart rate, or an accumulation of fluid in the blood vessels, might contribute to this rise. Over time, major health issues, including heart disease, stroke, or renal failure, might develop as a result of hypertension.

What causes high blood pressure?

The two main contributors to high blood pressure are environmental and genetic factors. People are more likely to acquire hypertension if they have a first-degree relative with a history of the condition. The most typical reasons for high blood pressure are:

Eating meals that are too salty.

High pressure within the skull.

The restricted space where the aorta leaves the heart

Cortisone or aldosterone hormones released excessively from the kidneys are what cause Crohn’s and Cushing’s diseases.

Renal cancer.

Chronic or acute renal conditions.

Vessel narrowing in the kidneys.

Thyroid gland conditions


Elevated cholesterol.


Illegal substances including birth control pills, cocaine, amphetamines, decongestants, cold medications, and other pain relievers cause weight gain.

Smoking and drinking.


What signs or symptoms indicate hypertension?

Unless the blood pressure increases over 180/110 mmHg, it could not exhibit any symptoms. However, when it is high all the time, it is bad for the body. The following are the most typical signs of high blood pressure:

Frequent urination, including getting up in the middle of the night to pee

Double or blurred eyesight

 Leg swelling

Breathing difficulty

Weakness, exhaustion, and agitation



Heart discomfort and an irregular pulse

Headache and vertigo

How is high blood pressure solved?

Patients are initially advised to alter their lifestyles as part of the therapy for high blood pressure. It is advised to use an appropriate and balanced diet regimen to help blood pressure patients go back to their target weight if they are overweight. Fruit and vegetable intake is raised, while salt consumption is decreased.


Margarine, butter, and lard are examples of foods rich in saturated fat that are prohibited from the diet. There should be a complete end to drinking and smoking. Blood pressure patients who regularly exercise assist in controlling their blood pressure. Patients who are unable to adjust to lifestyle adjustments or whose blood pressure cannot be reduced despite the changes get drug therapy. Chronic illness like hypertension has to be monitored by a doctor on occasion throughout life.

Frequently asked questions regarding hypertension

How to take blood pressure measurements properly

One of the crucial stages in the diagnosis of hypertension is the measurement of blood pressure. Therefore, reliable blood pressure measurement is required. In order to measure blood pressure, a sphygmomanometer is used. The most reliable readings come from manual blood pressure monitors that are placed on the upper arm, between the shoulder and the elbow. It is also possible to employ equipment with automated wrist measurements.

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First, take your blood pressure in both arms. The measurement is done from two arms because people with stenosis in the arm vein may have low blood pressure. The subject must be seated throughout the 5-minute rest time and have their arm resting on something during the measurement.

When checking the blood pressure in both arms, if the results are the same, the measurement may be carried out on the selected arm. When comparing the data from the two arms, the arm with the higher blood pressure value should be taken into consideration. A repeat test using a standard blood pressure monitor should be done if an aberrant number is discovered. Additionally, the outcomes determined by a doctor using an ordinary blood pressure monitor should be contrasted with one another.

Are at-home wrist blood pressure readings accurate?

The usage of home blood pressure monitors is secure. Patients have trouble using the equipment that physicians utilize in their appointments. In actuality, wrist blood pressure measuring devices make it easier for the patient to measure. Devices that are tested at home may have faulty calibrations. The condition could go unnoticed by the patient due to the fact that the gadgets do not indicate this.

Does a person’s body adapt to high blood pressure? Will it hurt the body in any way?

The patient may not be complaining, but that does not mean his body is not being harmed by hypertension. Bring the blood pressure back to normal levels even if the patient is not complaining in order to prevent negative side effects from developing over time.

How long does therapy for hypertension last? Are medicines habit-forming?

High blood pressure requires lifetime treatment. Non-drug therapy options are attempted to bring high blood pressure under control if there is no organ damage and the condition is minor. Otherwise, medication is used for treatment. Drugs for hypertension do not cause addiction.

Medication for high blood pressure not only lowers blood pressure but also safeguards other organs.

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On the other hand, it must be remembered that the medicines may be stopped after the patient’s condition has been completely under control and his blood pressure has been stabilized.

Does consuming lemon juice and garlic reduce blood pressure?

People commonly wonder, “What decreases blood pressure?” “Does garlic and lemon juice lower blood pressure?” and “How does blood pressure drop?” It is a recognized truth that several naturally occurring drugs may lower blood pressure to a certain extent, but they cannot treat the underlying cause of the condition or reverse its consequences. Lemon and garlic should not be used to treat high blood pressure. Patients with hypertension should unquestionably take their medicines as prescribed and eat these meals according to the guidelines of a healthy diet.

What meals help lower blood pressure?

A balanced, nutritious diet plays a significant role in blood pressure management strategies. Patients with hypertension are advised to eat fruits, vegetables, and grains throughout the day. Consuming salt, saturated fats, and trans fats should be avoided.

Blood pressure is regulated by diets high in potassium and magnesium, onions, garlic, and pulp-containing meals, and foods. It is advantageous for those with high blood pressure to eat plenty of these foods.

Patients with hypertension should stay away from processed foods such as offal, pastries, sausage, pickled-dried pork, bacon, ham, and sausage. Along with melon and watermelon, other fruits and vegetables that should be eaten are dried apricots, avocados, figs, oranges, raisins, beans, potatoes, and tomatoes.

What are the ideal blood pressure readings?

The established normal blood pressure range is 12 to 8 ml. 13-14 ml. What should a child’s blood pressure be? The answer to the question may be shown using the same set of data. High blood pressure may be diagnosed in children of any age if the measurement values of 120/80mm Hg are surpassed.

Do drugs for high blood pressure lessen sexual activity?

Each medication has adverse effects. The medication that is best for the patient and has the fewest adverse effects is recommended by the doctor. The patient may quickly be referred to a different alternative if any negative effects develop. Medicine side effects vanish as soon as the drug is stopped being used.

Can heart failure be caused by high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, which is thought to be a straightforward issue, may cause heart failure, which can result in abrupt death. Cardiological follow-up is crucial in addition to yearly blood pressure monitoring to prevent heart failure. From the age of 20, people should get frequent blood pressure checks. High blood pressure prevention is also important. High blood pressure may be avoided by maintaining a healthy weight, abstaining from alcohol, limiting salt consumption, consuming enough potassium, and eating a balanced diet. Additionally, shielding against vascular occlusion helps guard against heart failure.

Is a single increase in blood pressure sufficient to declare someone to have “hypertension”?

The diagnosis of hypertension requires repeated measurements. Every healthy person’s blood pressure will naturally increase, especially under painful, exciting, or frightening circumstances. These isolated spikes do not suggest hypertension in the individual.

Do anxiety and enthusiasm cause blood pressure to rise?

Most often, the population experiences minor, sporadic rises in blood pressure. Situations like stress, tension, excitement, anxiety, and job progress are persistently predisposing factors in today’s world. Cardiovascular system degeneration may occur in people who do not have high blood pressure but whose blood pressure is elevated owing to life circumstances. Exercise and long walks outside are the most effective ways to control blood pressure.

What kind of lifestyle should a person with high blood pressure lead?

Dieting is necessary for patients with high blood pressure in order to attain and maintain their optimum weight. Stopping these behaviours is also a component of the therapy for hypertension since smoking and drinking have a direct impact on the condition, particularly on the cardiovascular system. Therefore, the people in this circumstance have blood pressure that is not regarded as excessive, but care should be taken since they run the risk of developing high blood pressure in the future.

Certainly, when an individual is experiencing this problem, it is advisable to seek the help of a doctor who will professionally carry out medical checkups frequently in order to maintain good health. Sincerely, I think you should now be aware of the precise causes of hypertension as well as the appropriate treatments.